According to relevant reports, Xu Shaoshi, director of the National Development and Reform Commission, and Lou Jiwei, minister of finance, both mentioned the expansion of the pilot scope of personal housing property tax reform when reporting to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress; .
The reason why the two seasons put forward such a view is because the current contradictions in China's fiscal revenue and expenditure are prominent, the potential risks in the financial sector are increasing, and the pressure on house prices to rebound is relatively large.
Although since Shanghai and Chongqing carried out the pilot reform of levying property tax on individual housing in 2011, the news about expanding the pilot of property tax has been fired round after round, the Thunder is always ringing and the rain is too small;
The reason why the pilot has been staying on paper is that there are two core issues.
First, the relevant person believes that the property tax must be set to exempt the Central University of Finance and Economics Professor Zeng Kanghua said that in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan;
In the later period, it is inevitable to promote the property tax pilot nationwide.
At present, the government tax sources below the provincial level are unbalanced. After the implementation of the property tax, the tax source is stable and suitable for local government collection.
Zeng Kanghua believes that the collection of property tax is a systematic project, and how to formulate tax rates and income-increasing targets still needs to be considered.
When the property tax is levied, a certain amount of exemption must be set to avoid increasing the tax burden of some low-income groups.
At the same time, it is necessary to calculate and investigate whether it is taxed according to the value or the area.
Second, it is not a wise choice to stabilize housing prices through taxation. Is it useful to impose a property tax to curb housing prices?
Ma Guangyuan, a financial commentator, said that the collection of property tax obviously has a certain inhibitory effect on housing prices, but the effect is still unclear.
Liu Jianwen, a professor at Peking University, believes that the function of property tax to curb housing prices should not be exaggerated.
Real estate tax is only a kind of tax, and its main function is to organize fiscal revenue, although it does increase the holding cost of real estate owners and has a certain impact on the real estate market, however, levying property tax on houses in the retention link will not have a blow to the rise in housing prices; The role.
Therefore, it is not appropriate to exaggerate the role of property tax in regulating housing prices.