[Comment] Don't let 'light pollution' become a 'shadow killer'

by:EME LIGHTING     2020-01-02
  ■ China Lighting Network Wu Yu

According to media reports, affected by light pollution, the Nanjing Purple Mountain Observatory and the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences In order to achieve the desired observation effect, there are other observation bases in other areas. Zijinshan Observatory Built in 1934, it is one of the famous observatories in China. In recent years, affected by the night illumination of the city, The observatory has become increasingly unsuitable for astronomical observations and has to move to a new location.

With the continuous development of China's social economy and the improvement of the urban environment, the more the night illumination of the city The more people come to the attention of the people, some places now do not hesitate to use the government financial subsidies to promote the city Landscape Lighting. For example, in the first half of this year, Zhengzhou’s “No Night City” plan was caused in society. Extensive discussion, 'light pollution' issue is one of the focuses of this discussion.

This discussion, on the one hand, reflects the people’s concern about the issue of “light pollution” and on the other hand The danger of 'light pollution' has gradually emerged. “Light pollution” not only directly affects the environment, but also It will directly threaten human health. As early as 2004, the Shanghai Pudong New Area People’s Court sentenced the city The first 'light pollution' case, called 'light pollution' stop.

In the international arena, light pollution is generally divided into three categories: white bright pollution, artificial chalk and color light pollution. They all have varying degrees of impact on the environment and human health. Some experts and scholars pointed out that light pollution Not only will the eyesight drop, but it will also interfere with the central nervous system of the brain and destroy the normal biological clock of the human body. To the female fertility function has a more prominent adverse effect. It is no exaggeration to say, 'light pollution.' 'It has become a 'bright killer' that directly affects human health. It has been following water pollution and air pollution. The fifth largest pollution after noise pollution and solid waste pollution.

In order to prevent light pollution from becoming a shadow killer, we should be based on various types of light pollution. Different characteristics, and develop effective prevention measures. In general, we can from the following aspects Start:

First, control the source of pollution. When building urban lighting projects or other large lighting projects, relevant Units should strengthen regulation and management, use softer light sources as much as possible, and adopt appropriate anti-glare Light measures to achieve the most natural lighting effects. Each lighting manufacturer and related research department also It is necessary to strengthen research and development efforts and develop various lamps and lanterns that are compatible with specific environments to provide the best for the society. Lighting solutions. This can control light pollution from the source and reduce the source of light pollution. It can also improve the technological content and cultural taste of lighting facilities.

Second, the government actively intervened to formulate corresponding light pollution standards and regulations to form a complete environmental quality. Quantity requirements and preventive measures. Relevant departments such as health, environmental protection and supervision should actively cooperate with the department to prevent and control Light pollution is regarded as a social system project to prevent problems before they occur.

Third, the public should increase environmental awareness and self-protection awareness. In the face of the threat of light pollution, it should Take effective precautions and use appropriate protective equipment to eliminate the light pollution hazard in the bud.

In fact, in the prevention and control of light pollution, the key is that the government must take active and effective preventive measures and promptly Taiwan's relevant laws and regulations to prevent further spread of light pollution. Local environmental protection departments at all levels supervise and inspect In the process of strengthening, law enforcement should also be strengthened, especially to improve the level of supervision of new types of pollution law enforcement. Protect the interests of the people. Ordinary people should also enhance their awareness of the environment and self-protection, and should Pick up legal weapons, safeguard their legitimate rights and interests, and resolutely say no to light pollution.

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